What is knowledge in school?

When I started working as a teacher, I was keen to develop my pupils’ knowledge. But I often asked myself: what is ‘knowledge’ in a school context? I realized quickly that this wasn’t an easy question to answer. Even so, thinking about knowledge was important. It made me assess what needed to be prioritized in terms of my teaching…

Are you a Hawk or a Cyclone?

Competition between universities is not a new thing. In my home state, the bitter rivals are The University of Iowa and Iowa State University. For anyone who wasn’t raised in this particular corner of the world, you may have no idea that this rivalry is anything worth considering or taking a side on. In fact,…

Analysing language from the outside in

It has been nearly twenty years to the day since I graduated from the University of Nottingham (for the first time) with a BA Hons in Modern Language Studies. I was in one of the first cohorts to study three languages to degree level – two from A-level and a third ab initio. We were a…

Raising the voices of students

I’m a PhD student in Education and the focus of my research is the reforms to Swedish upper secondary schools during the 1960s. The big issue at that time was the change from teacher-centred teaching to more independent work for pupils and this is a subject I want to discuss in the blog. I teach at…

Looking beyond a collective

One of the most interesting aspects of researching teacher professionalism in England and Sweden has been trying to understand what a collective voice sounds like. Who are the collective? How do they organise themselves? Do they speak louder together or, despite their number, only in a whisper? What I have discovered is that, in the teaching…

Raising the voices of mothers

I would like to raise the voices of mothers in Early Childhood Education. Many countries have started or continued educational policies for expansion of enrolment to infants, toddlers and pre-schools. Mothers are the key in this enrolment. They search for and choose the education or care for their children and then decide the best age for…